Tag Archives: history

A brief history of Diwali in Jainism … thanks Jay

Diwali is one of the most popular festivals in india. For Jains it is a very important occasion. It is a festival of glory and achievement of Bhagwan Mahavira who attained nirvana on this day.

A brief history of diwali in jainism:
Diwali was known as Deepalika- the Festival of Lights. Deepak is a symbol of light of abolishing the darkness of ignorance.

Dhan Teras was known as Dhanya Teras in olden days. Before his nirvana,Bhagwan Mahavira started giving his last sermons on this day. Thus the day was known as Dhanya. Now it is called as Dhan as too much importance is attached to wealth.

Kali Chaudas
Bhagwan spoke continuously for 48 hours. His last sermons are recorded in one of our Aagams called the uttaradhyana sutra.

Bhagwan left this world and attained Nirvana at Pavapuri. The light was gone forever and the whole world was enveloped in pitch darkness. Gods dispelled it with bright gems and humans lit earthen lamps. Lamps are lit to symbolize the dispelling of ignorance.

Gautam swami, the chief disciple of Bhagwan Mahavira attained keval gyana on this day.

Bhai dooj
After Bhagwan’s nirvana his brother king Nandivardhan was inconsolable due to grief. His sister, Sudershana called him to her house and comforted by giving him religious knowledge.
Thus the traditions found their way in today’s world. But let’s not forget the real significance of celebrating Diwali.
‘Ahimsa paramo dharma’ was Bhagwan’s teaching which is at the very heart of Jainism. Let’s celebrate an Eco Friendly Diwali. Protect jeevs and pray for peace towards all.

Happy Spiritual Diwali to you all


35 Epic Cooking Fails

1. Someone thought this Pinterest recipe was a fun idea.



2. These s’more cookies looked good (in theory).



3. To be fair, it’s the pan’s fault.



4. Cooking pasta in a coffee maker… almost genius. Almost.



5. Oh boy.



6. The humanity.



7. Somewhere in Italy an angel lost its wings.



8. This used to be a pizza. Now it’s in heaven. 



9. Someone forgot to take these cheese melts out in time. 



10. Yes dear, cupcakes can be chewy. NOT.



11. Another cupcake fail makes history. 



12. And another.



13. And yet another.



14. Seriously, I didn’t realize making cupcakes was so hard.



15. Not sure what this is supposed to be, but I’m not sure I even want to know.



16. If you can’t identify the meat, don’t eat it.



17. Not. Even. Close.



18. Actually, this is kind of brilliant.



19. This person forgot how to use an electric kettle.



20. How does something like this even happen?



21. Aren’t cakes supposed to look appetizing?



22. Lovely cake. Looks delicious.



23. Just delicious.



24. That’s not how you cook eggs.



25. Or spaghetti squash.



26. Genius.



27. This used to be a cabbage.



28. It actually takes talent to make rice look like this. 



29. It’s unclear just what this was supposed to be.



30. They ruined cookies. Forever.



31. Pasta should never find a way to be frightening.



32. Almost.



33. Plastic is NOT the same thing as metal. It just isn’t.



34. Someone managed to find a way to ruin donuts.



35. Sure, a goldfish ham salad sounds like a great idea.




What the Dog Saw: And Other Adventures by Malcolm Gladwell

Click to get the book

What the Dog Saw: And Other Adventures

Not the most captivating books form Malcolm. Hell I think my audiobook was not even complete and I didn’t care… so most of the summary is taken from elsewhere. Update: As I typed down the table of contents I realised it’s not a bad book. I just can’t use most of the info in my life.

– Paying extra for loreal because of the illusion of being worth it.
– Dropping 2 Alka-Seltzer instead of one in adverts and double sales.
– Scud missiles detection pictures and cancer diagnosis not done properly because of not well trained people mistaking trucks.
– Politics of sampling, copying. Intellectual property.
– Warnings and clues for 911 and Kenya bombing.
– Choking = thinking too much, panicking = thinking too little.
– Blacks fail in tests, whites can’t jump under stereotype threat.

PART 1 – Obsessives, Pioneers, and Other Varieties of Minor Genius
– The Pitchman: Ron Popeil and the Conquest of the American Kitchen
– The Ketchup Conundrum: Mustard Now Comes in Dozens of Varieties Why Has Ketchup Stayed the Same?
– Blowing Up: How Nassim Taleb Turned the Inevitability of Disaster into an Investment Strategy
– True Colours: Hair Dye and the Hidden History of Postwar America
– John Rock’s Error: What the Inventor of the Birth Control Pill Didn’t Know About Women’s Health
– What the Dog Saw: Cesar Millan and the Movements of Mastery

PART2 – Theories, Predictions, and Diagnoses
– Open Secrets: Enron, Intelligence, and the Perils of Too Much Information
– Million Dollar Murray: Why Problems like Homelessness May Be Easier to Solve Than to Manage
– The Picture Problem: Mammography, Air Power, and the Limits of Looking
– Something Borrowed: Should a Charge of Plagiarism Ruin Your Life?
– Connecting the Dots: The Paradoxes of Intelligence Reform
– The Art of Failure: Why Some People Choke and Others Panic
– Blowup: Who Can Be Blamed for a Disaster like the Challenger Explosion? No One, and We’d Better Get Used to It

PART 3 – Personality, Character, and Intelligence
– Late Bloomers: Why Do We Equate Genius with Precocity
– Most Likely to Succeed: How Do We Hire When We Can’t Tell Who’s Right for the Job?
– Dangerous Minds: Criminal Profiling Made Easy
– The Talen Myth: Are Smart People Overrated?
– The New-Boy Network: Do Job Interviews Really Tell Us?
– Troublemakers: What Pit Bulls Can Teach Us About Crime



20 Clever Inventions You Probably Didn’t Know Were Made By Indians … thanx Nilesh

Indian inventions and discoveries have been instrumental in shaping the face of the current modern world. We picked up 20 such interesting findings out of a whole bunch that will make you go, “I didn’t know that”.

1. Buttons

Buttons were first used in Mohenjo-daro for ornamental purpose rather than for fastening. They were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization by 2000 BCE.

2. Chess

Chess developed out of Chaturanga, which is an ancient strategy board game developed during the Gupta Empire in India around the 6th century AD. Now you know why Vishwanathan Anand is such a pro, rag rag me is tarah… ;)

3. Prefabricated home and movable structure

In 16th century Mughal India, during the reign of Akbar, the first prefabricated & movable structures were invented.

4. Ruler

Rulers were first used by the Indus Valley Civilization prior to 1500 BCE. Made of ivory, the rulers found during excavation, reveal the amazing accuracy of decimal subdivisions on it.

5. Shampoo


The word ‘Shampoo’ is derived from chāmpo (चाँपो). It was initially used as a head massage oil for the Nawabs of Bengal during the Mughal Empire around 1762. It evolved into shampoo over the years.

6. Snakes and Ladders


The game, Snakes & Ladders,  was invented in India as a game of morals. Later it spread to England and eventually introduced in the USA by game pioneer Milton Bradley in 1943.

7. Cotton cultivation (We clothed the world, yay!)

The ancient Greeks used to wear animal skins and were not even aware of cotton. But Indians were sort of cool ;) and started cultivating cotton during the 5th – 4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization. The word spread to the Mediterranean and beyond and soon everyone was ordering one from Flipkart. Well, pretty much.

8. Fibonacci Numbers

The Fibonacci numbers were first described by Virahanka, Gopala  andHemachandra as an outgrowth of earlier writings by Pingala.

9. Decimal System, Quadratic formula and Zero!

It was in 7th century CE when Brahmagupta found the first general formula for solving quadratic equations. The decimal system (or the Hindu number system), which was a precursor of the Arabic numeric system, was developed in India between the 1st and 6th centuries CE.

10. Suits Game

The popular game of cards originated from India & was known as Krida-patram (which literally means “painted rags for playing”).

11. Cataract Surgery

Indian physician Sushruta (6th century BCE) had the knowledge of performing cataract surgery. It spread to China from India. Greek scientists would visit India to get operations done and also to learn the nitty-gritties.

12. Diamond Mining

Worldwide, India was the only source of diamonds until the discovery of mines in Brazil in the 18th century. Almost 5000 years ago, diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India.

13. Water on Moon

ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 made the startling discovery that our moon is not a dry ball of rocks. The discovery of lunar water is attributed to the Chandrayaan mission.

14.  Radio/Wireless communication


We all know that Marconi received a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909 for contribution to the development of wireless telegraphy. But the first public demonstration of radio waves for communication was made by Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose in 1895, two years prior to Marconi’s similar demonstration in England.

Sir Bose was posthumously credited (more than a century later) for his achievement. The fact remains that this discovery truly shaped the face of modern wireless communication.

15. Flush Toilets

Flush toilets were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization. These existed in most homes and were connected to a sophisticated sewage mechanism. The civilization was prominent in hydraulic engineering.

16. Binary Code


Binary numbers were first described by Pingala (c. 200 BC). Pingala is the traditional name of the author of the Chandaḥśāstra, the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody.

17. Ink

Many ancient cultures and civilizations independently discovered and prepared ink for writing purposes. The source of carbon pigment used in Indian Ink (called musi) used in ancient India, was India. Since 4th century BC, the practice of writing with ink with a sharp pointed needle was common in South India.

18. Steel & Metal works


Ancient Indians were pioneers in metallurgy. High quality steel was produced, almost two thousand years before it was understood by the West. One of the most remarkable feat in metallurgy: creating a seamless celestial globe, was invented in Kashmir. It was earlier considered impossible to create a metal globe without seams.

So thanks to India, Iron Man can wear his suit now.

19. Fiber Optics

Named as one of the 7 ‘Unsung Heroes’ by Fortune Magazine, Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany, is widely recognized as the ‘Father of Fiber Optics’ for his pioneering work in Fiber Optics technology. Watch him speak eloquently on his entrepreneurial journey.

20. Plastic Surgery


Yes, you heard it right. Indians were pioneers in Plastic Surgery too. It was carried out in India as early as 2000 BCE.

So, we’ve always been a cool country. ;)  History is testimony to it. So what’s stopping you from being innovative? Go, win the world.


The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature by Matt Ridley

Click to get the book

The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature by Matt Ridley

I was going to bitch about how the book keeps going in circles and mostly about animals until past half way. Then it gets into some decent juice about human psychology, gender differences and soooo much more.

– This concept, that all progress is relative, has come to be known in biology by the name of the Red Queen, after a chess piece that Alice meets in Through the Looking-Glass, who perpetually runs without getting very far because the landscape moves with her: It is an increasingly influential idea in evolutionary theory, and one that will recur throughout the book. The faster you run, the more the world moves with you and the less you make progress. Life is a chess tournament in which if you win a game, you start the next game with the handicap of a missing pawn.

– Every success contains the seeds of its own overthrow.

– Red Queen is that she runs but stays in the same place. The world keeps coming back to where it started; there is change but not progress.

– Viruses, bacteria, and fungi, the causes of most diseases.

– Why different sexes? Tragedy of the commons. Like communism didn’t work or when an exceptional athlete is stuck in a 2nd rate team.

– Males have many small while females have few larger gametes. Mobile creatures usually have genders. Sessile don’t, and are usually hermaphroditic.

– Parents in good condition probably have male-biased litters of young; parents in poor condition probably have female-biased litters because mothers in poor condition is likely to produce a feeble son who will fail to mate at all, whereas her daughters can join harems and reproduce even when not in top condition.

– I think it was Korea that found a way to track sperm by dyeing it with fluorescent ink and sort xy genes.

– Women more than men can “marry up,” into a higher social and economic caste, so daughters of poor people are more likely to do well than sons.

– We consciously decide whether to consider people, we fall in love despite ourselves, we entirely fail to fall in love with people who fall in love with us.

– Fishers vs good genes: The Fisher (sexy-son, good-taste) advocates are those who insist that the reason peahens prefer beautiful males is that they seek heritable beauty itself to pass on to their sons, so that those sons may in turn attract females. The Good-gene people follow Alfred Russel Wallace (though they do not know it) in arguing that arbitrary and foolish as it may seem for a female to choose a male because his tail is long or his song loud, there is method in her madness. The tail or the song tells each female exactly how good the genes are of each male. The fact that he can sing loudly or grow and look after a long tail proves that he can father healthy and vigorous daughters and sons just as surely as the fishing ability of a tern tells his mate that he can feed a growing family. Ornaments and displays are designed to reveal the quality of genes.

– When a man wants to seduce a woman, he does not send her a copy of his bank statement but a pearl necklace. He does not send her his doctor ‘s report but lets slip that he runs twenty miles a week and never gets colds. He does not tell her what degree he got but instead dazzles her with wit: He does not display testaments to how thoughtful he is but sends her roses on her birthday. Each gesture has a message: I’m rich, I’m fit, I’m clever, I’m nice.

– This immune effect of testosterone is the reason that men are more susceptible to infectious diseases than women, a trend that occurs throughout the animal kingdom.

– Inca leaders had 1500 concubines and death to cheaters. Human history of harems, etc.

– Christians prevent sex because it was the reason for violence and trouble.

– Men whose wives have been with them all day ejaculate much smaller amounts than men whose wives have been absent all day. It is as if the males are subconsciously compensating for any opportunities for female infidelity that might be present.

– Of the many mental features that are claimed to be different between the sexes, four stand out as repeatable, real, and persistent in all psychological tests.
1st girls are better at verbal tasks.
2nd boys are better at mathematical tasks.
3rd boys are more aggressive.
4th boys are better at some visuo-spatial tasks and girls at others. (And, interestingly, gay men are more like women than heterosexual men in some of these respects.)

– Baby girls are more interested in smiling, communicating, and in people, boys in action and things.

– Shown cluttered pictures, boys select objects, girls people. Boys are instantly obsessed with dismantling, assembling, destroying, possessing, and coveting things. Girls are fascinated by people and treat their toys as surrogate people.

– A man who develops a preference for other men is a man who has a different gene that affects how his testicles develop or a different gene that affects how his brain responds to hormones or a different learning experience during the pubertal burst of testosterone—or some combination of these. A prenatal exposure to deficiency of testosterone increases the likelihood of a man becoming homosexual. Men with an extra X chromosome and men exposed in the womb to female hormones are more likely to be gay or effeminate, and effeminate boys do indeed grow up to be gay more often than other boys: Intriguingly, men who were conceived and born in periods of great stress, such as toward the end of World War II, are more often gay than men born at other times. Gays are also more often left-handed than heterosexuals. Studies show that homosexuality is heritable.

– Usual hip to waist ratio stuff that get mens attention.

Big up (kinda) to the PUAs that recommended this book.

– Acknowledgements
1 – Human Nature
2 – The Enigma
3 – The Power of Parasites
4 – Genetic Mutiny and Gender
5 – The Peacock’s Tale
6 – Polygamy and the Nature of Men
7 – Monogamy and the Nature of Women
8 – Sexing the Mind
9 – The Uses of Beauty
10 – The Intellectual Chess Game
Epilogue – The Self-Domesticated Ape
– Notes
– Bibliography
– Index


Real story of American Dollar v/s Indian Rupee … thanx Ravi Bhogaita

Real story of American Dollar v/s Indian Rupee
(Very Interesting Article MUST SHARE)
Advice to all who are worrying about fall of Indian Rupee

Throughout the country please stop using cars except for emergency for only seven days (Just 7 days)
Definitely Dollar rate will come down. This is true. The value to dollar is given by petrol only.This is called Derivative Trading. America has stopped valuing its Dollar with Gold 70 years ago.

Americans understood that Petrol is equally valuable as Gold so they made Agreement with all the Middle East countries to sell petrol in Dollars only. That is why Americans print their Dollar as legal tender for debts. This mean if you don’t like their American Dollar and go to their Governor and ask for repayment in form of Gold,as in India they won’t give you Gold.

You observe Indian Rupee, ” I promise to pay the bearer…” is clearly printed along with the signature of Reserve Bank Governor. This mean, if you don’t like Indian Rupee and ask for repayment,Reserve Bank of India will pay you back an equal value of gold.(Actually there may be minor differences in the Transaction dealing rules, but for easy comprehension I am explaining this)

Let us see an example. Indian petroleum minister goes to Middle East country to purchase petrol, the Middle East petrol bunk people will say that liter petrol is one Dollar.
But Indians won’t have dollars. They have Indian Rupees. So what to do now? So That Indian Minister will ask America to give Dollars. American Federal Reserve will take a white paper , print Dollars on it and give it to the Indian Minister. Like this we get dollars , pay it to petrol bunks and buy petrol.

But there is a fraud here. If you change your mind and want to give back the Dollars to America we can’t demand them to pay Gold in return for the Dollars. They will say ” Have we promised to return something back to you? Haven’t you checked the Dollar ? We clearly printed on the Dollar that it is Debt”
So, Americans don’t need any Gold with them to print Dollars. They will print Dollars on white papers as they like.

But what will Americans give to the Middle East countries for selling petrol in Dollars only?

Middle East kings pay rent to America for protecting their kings and heirs. Similarly they are still paying back the Debt to America for constructing Roads and Buildings in their countries. This is the value of American Dollar. That is why Many say some day the Dollar will be destroyed.

At present the problem of India is the result of buying those American Dollars. American white papers are equal to Indian Gold. So if we reduce the consumption of petrol and cars, Dollar will come down

The Above Details are translated originally from Telugu Language to English by Radhika Gr.
Kindly share this and make everyone aware of the facts of American Dollar V/s Indian Rupee.

And here is a small thing other than petrol , what we can do to our Indian Rupee


Please spare a couple of minutes here for the sake of India.
Here’s a small example:-

At 2008 August month 1 US $ = INR Rs 39.40
At 2013 August now 1 $ = INR Rs 62

Do you think US Economy is booming? No, but Indian Economy is Going Down.

Our economy is in your hands.INDIAN economy is in a crisis. Our country like many other ASIAN countries, is undergoing a severe economic crunch. Many INDIAN industries are closing down. The INDIAN economy is in a crisis and if we do not take proper steps to control those, we will be in a critical situation. More than 30,000 crore rupees of foreign exchange are being siphoned out of our country on products such as cosmetics, snacks, tea, beverages, etc. which are grown, produced and consumed here.

A cold drink that costs only 70 / 80 paise to produce, is sold for Rs.9 and a major chunk of profits from these are sent abroad. This is a serious drain on INDIAN economy. We have nothing against Multinational companies, but to protect our own interest we request everybody to use INDIAN products only at least for the next two years. With the rise in petrol prices, if we do not do this, the Rupee will devalue further and we will end up paying much more for the same products in the near future.

What you can do about it?
Buy only products manufactured by WHOLLY INDIAN COMPANIES.Each individual should become a leader for this awareness. This is the only way to save our country from severe economic crisis. You don’t need to give-up your lifestyle. You just need to choose an alternate product.

Daily products which are COLD DRINKS,BATHING SOAP ,TOOTH PASTE,TOOTH BRUSH ,SHAVING CREAM,BLADE, TALCUM POWDER ,MILK POWDER ,SHAMPOO , Food Items etc. all you need to do is buy Indian Goods and Make sure Indian rupee is not crossing outside India.

Every INDIAN product you buy makes a big difference. It saves INDIA. Let us take a firm decision today.

we are not anti-multinational. we are trying to save our nation. every day is a struggle for a real freedom. we achieved our independence after losing many lives.
they died painfully to ensure that we live peacefully. the current trend is very threatening.

multinationals call it globalization of indian economy. for indians like you and me, it is re-colonization of india. the colonist’s left india then. but this time, they will make sure they don’t make any mistakes.

russia, s.korea, mexico – the list is very long!! let us learn from their experience and from our history. let us do the duty of every true indian. finally, it’s obvious that you can’t give up all of the items mentioned above. so give up at least one item for the sake of our country!

We would be sending useless forwards to our friends daily. Instead, please forward this to all your friends to create awareness.